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Janloy, Kiattisak, Boonyopakorn, Pongsarun.  2022.  The Comparison of Web History Forensic Tools with ISO and NIST Standards. 2022 37th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC). :1–4.
Nowadays, the number of new websites in Thailand has been increasing every year. However, there is a lack of security on some of those websites which causes negative effects and damage. This has also resulted in numerous violations. As a result, these violations cause delays in the situation analysis. Additionally, the cost of effective and well-established digital forensics tools is still expensive. Therefore, this paper has presented the idea of using freeware digital forensics tools to test their performances and compare them with the standards of the digital forensics process. The results of the paper suggest that the tested tools have significant differences in functions and process. WEFA Web Forensics tool is the most effective tool as it supports 3 standards up to 8 out of 10 processes, followed by Browser History View which supports 7 processes, Browser History Spy and Browser Forensic Web Tool respectively, supports 5 processes. The Internet history Browser supports 4 processes as compared to the basic process of the standardization related to forensics.
Şimşek, Merve Melis, Ergun, Tamer, Temuçin, Hüseyin.  2022.  SSL Test Suite: SSL Certificate Test Public Key Infrastructure. 2022 30th Signal Processing and Communications Applications Conference (SIU). :1–4.
Today, many internet-based applications, especially e-commerce and banking applications, require the transfer of personal data and sensitive data such as credit card information, and in this process, all operations are carried out over the Internet. Users frequently perform these transactions, which require high security, on web sites they access via web browsers. This makes the browser one of the most basic software on the Internet. The security of the communication between the user and the website is provided with SSL certificates, which is used for server authentication. Certificates issued by Certificate Authorities (CA) that have passed international audits must meet certain conditions. The criteria for the issuance of certificates are defined in the Baseline Requirements (BR) document published by the Certificate Authority/Browser (CA/B) Forum, which is accepted as the authority in the WEB Public Key Infrastructure (WEB PKI) ecosystem. Issuing the certificates in accordance with the defined criteria is not sufficient on its own to establish a secure SSL connection. In order to ensure a secure connection and confirm the identity of the website, the certificate validation task falls to the web browsers with which users interact the most. In this study, a comprehensive SSL certificate public key infrastructure (SSL Test Suite) was established to test the behavior of web browsers against certificates that do not comply with BR requirements. With the designed test suite, it is aimed to analyze the certificate validation behaviors of web browsers effectively.
ISSN: 2165-0608
Do, Quoc Huy, Hosseyni, Pedram, Küsters, Ralf, Schmitz, Guido, Wenzler, Nils, Würtele, Tim.  2022.  A Formal Security Analysis of the W3C Web Payment APIs: Attacks and Verification. 2022 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). :215–234.
Payment is an essential part of e-commerce. Merchants usually rely on third-parties, so-called payment processors, who take care of transferring the payment from the customer to the merchant. How a payment processor interacts with the customer and the merchant varies a lot. Each payment processor typically invents its own protocol that has to be integrated into the merchant’s application and provides the user with a new, potentially unknown and confusing user experience.Pushed by major companies, including Apple, Google, Master-card, and Visa, the W3C is currently developing a new set of standards to unify the online checkout process and “streamline the user’s payment experience”. The main idea is to integrate payment as a native functionality into web browsers, referred to as the Web Payment APIs. While this new checkout process will indeed be simple and convenient from an end-user perspective, the technical realization requires rather significant changes to browsers.Many major browsers, such as Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Safari, and Opera, already implement these new standards, and many payment processors, such as Google Pay, Apple Pay, or Stripe, support the use of Web Payment APIs for payments. The ecosystem is constantly growing, meaning that the Web Payment APIs will likely be used by millions of people worldwide.So far, there has been no in-depth security analysis of these new standards. In this paper, we present the first such analysis of the Web Payment APIs standards, a rigorous formal analysis. It is based on the Web Infrastructure Model (WIM), the most comprehensive model of the web infrastructure to date, which, among others, we extend to integrate the new payment functionality into the generic browser model.Our analysis reveals two new critical vulnerabilities that allow a malicious merchant to over-charge an unsuspecting customer. We have verified our attacks using the Chrome implementation and reported these problems to the W3C as well as the Chrome developers, who have acknowledged these problems. Moreover, we propose fixes to the standard, which by now have been adopted by the W3C and Chrome, and prove that the fixed Web Payment APIs indeed satisfy strong security properties.
ISSN: 2375-1207
Fei, Song, Yuanbing, Shi, Minghao, Huang.  2020.  A Method of Industrial Internet Entity Mutual Trust Combining PKI and IBE Technology System. 2020 3rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Big Data (ICAIBD). :304–308.
The industrial Internet has built a new industrial manufacturing and service system with all elements, all industrial chains and all value chains connected through the interconnection of people, machines and things. It breaks the relatively closed and credible production environment of traditional industry. But at the same time, the full interconnection of cross-device, cross-system, and cross-region in the industrial Internet also brings a certain network trust crisis. The method proposed in this paper breaking the relatively closed manufacturing environment of traditional industries, extends the network connection object from human to machine equipment, industrial products and industrial services. It provides a safe and credible environment for the development of industrial Internet, and a trust guarantee for the across enterprises entities and data sharing.
Li, Qiqi, Wu, Peng, Han, Ling, Bi, Danyang, Zeng, Zheng.  2021.  A Study of Identifier Resolution Security Strategy Based on Security Domains. 2021 3rd International Academic Exchange Conference on Science and Technology Innovation (IAECST). :359—362.
The widespread application of industrial Internet identifiers has increased the security risks of industrial Internet and identifier resolution system. In order to improve the security capabilities of identifier resolution system, this paper analyzes the security challenges faced by identifier resolution system at this stage, and in line with the concept of layered security defense in depth, divides the security domains of identifier resolution system and proposes a multi-level security strategy based on security domains by deploying appropriate protective measures in each security domain.
Agarwal, Samaksh, Girdhar, Nancy, Raghav, Himanshu.  2021.  A Novel Neural Model based Framework for Detection of GAN Generated Fake Images. 2021 11th International Conference on Cloud Computing, Data Science & Engineering (Confluence). :46–51.
With the advancement in Generative Adversarial Networks (GAN), it has become easier than ever to generate fake images. These images are more realistic and non-discernible by untrained eyes and can be used to propagate fake information on the Internet. In this paper, we propose a novel method to detect GAN generated fake images by using a combination of frequency spectrum of image and deep learning. We apply Discrete Fourier Transform to each of 3 color channels of the image to obtain its frequency spectrum which shows if the image has been upsampled, a common trend in most GANs, and then train a Capsule Network model with it. Conducting experiments on a dataset of almost 1000 images based on Unconditional data modeling (StyleGan2 - ADA) gave results indicating that the model is promising with accuracy over 99% when trained on the state-of-the-art GAN model. In theory, our model should give decent results when trained with one dataset and tested on another.
Nassar, Reem, Elhajj, Imad, Kayssi, Ayman, Salam, Samer.  2021.  Identifying NAT Devices to Detect Shadow IT: A Machine Learning Approach. 2021 IEEE/ACS 18th International Conference on Computer Systems and Applications (AICCSA). :1—7.
Network Address Translation (NAT) is an address remapping technique placed at the borders of stub domains. It is present in almost all routers and CPEs. Most NAT devices implement Port Address Translation (PAT), which allows the mapping of multiple private IP addresses to one public IP address. Based on port number information, PAT matches the incoming traffic to the corresponding "hidden" client. In an enterprise context, and with the proliferation of unauthorized wired and wireless NAT routers, NAT can be used for re-distributing an Intranet or Internet connection or for deploying hidden devices that are not visible to the enterprise IT or under its oversight, thus causing a problem known as shadow IT. Thus, it is important to detect NAT devices in an intranet to prevent this particular problem. Previous methods in identifying NAT behavior were based on features extracted from traffic traces per flow. In this paper, we propose a method to identify NAT devices using a machine learning approach from aggregated flow features. The approach uses multiple statistical features in addition to source and destination IPs and port numbers, extracted from passively collected traffic data. We also use aggregated features extracted within multiple window sizes and feed them to a machine learning classifier to study the effect of timing on NAT detection. Our approach works completely passively and achieves an accuracy of 96.9% when all features are utilized.
Shi, Yongpeng, Gao, Ya, Xia, Yujie.  2020.  Secrecy Performance Analysis in Internet of Satellites: Physical Layer Security Perspective. 2020 IEEE/CIC International Conference on Communications in China (ICCC). :1185–1189.
As the latest evolving architecture of space networks, Internet of Satellites (IoSat) is regarded as a promising paradigm in the future beyond 5G and 6G wireless systems. However, due to the extremely large number of satellites and open links, it is challenging to ensure communication security in IoSat, especially for wiretap resisting. To the best of our knowledge, it is an entirely new problem to study the security issue in IoSat, since existing works concerning physical layer security (PLS) in satellite networks mainly focused on the space-to-terrestrial links. It is also noted that, we are the first to investigate PLS problem in IoSat. In light of this, we present in this paper an analytical model of PLS in IoSat where a terrestrial transmitter delivers its information to multi-satellite in the presence of eavesdroppers. By adopting the key parameters such as satellites' deployment density, minimum elevation angle, and orbit height, two major secrecy metric including average secrecy capacity and probability are derived and analyzed. As demonstrated by extensive numerical results, the presented theoretical framework can be utilized to efficiently evaluate the secrecy performance of IoSat, and guide the design and optimization for communication security in such systems.
Singh, Shweta, Singh, M.P., Pandey, Ramprakash.  2020.  Phishing Detection from URLs Using Deep Learning Approach. 2020 5th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Security (ICCCS). :1—4.
Today, the Internet covers worldwide. All over the world, people prefer an E-commerce platform to buy or sell their products. Therefore, cybercrime has become the center of attraction for cyber attackers in cyberspace. Phishing is one such technique where the unidentified structure of the Internet has been used by attackers/criminals that intend to deceive users with the use of the illusory website and emails for obtaining their credentials (like account numbers, passwords, and PINs). Consequently, the identification of a phishing or legitimate web page is a challenging issue due to its semantic structure. In this paper, a phishing detection system is implemented using deep learning techniques to prevent such attacks. The system works on URLs by applying a convolutional neural network (CNN) to detect the phishing webpage. In paper [19] the proposed model has achieved 97.98% accuracy whereas our proposed system achieved accuracy of 98.00% which is better than earlier model. This system doesn’t require any feature engineering as the CNN extract features from the URLs automatically through its hidden layers. This is other advantage of the proposed system over earlier reported in [19] as the feature engineering is a very time-consuming task.
Ganivev, Abduhalil, Mavlonov, Obid, Turdibekov, Baxtiyor, Uzoqova, Ma'mura.  2021.  Improving Data Hiding Methods in Network Steganography Based on Packet Header Manipulation. 2021 International Conference on Information Science and Communications Technologies (ICISCT). :1–5.
In this paper, internet is among the basic necessities of life. Internet has changed each and everybody's lives. So confidentiality of messages is very important over the internet. Steganography is the science of sending secret messages between the sender and intended receiver. It is such a technique that makes the exchange of covert messages possible. Each time a carrier is to be used for achieving steganography. The carrier plays a major role in establishing covert communication channel. This survey paper introduces steganography and its carriers. This paper concentrates on network protocols to be used as a carrier of steganograms. There are a number of protocols available to do so in the networks. Network steganography describes various methods used for transmitting data over a network without it being detected. Most of the methods proposed for hiding data in a network do not offer an additional protection to the covert data as it is sent as plain text. This paper presents a framework that offers the protection to the covert data by encrypting it and compresses it for gain in efficiency.
Fahrianto, Feri, Kamiyama, Noriaki.  2021.  The Dual-Channel IP-to-NDN Translation Gateway. 2021 IEEE International Symposium on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (LANMAN). :1–2.
The co-existence between Internet Protocol (IP) and Named-Data Networking (NDN) protocol is inevitable during the transition period. We propose a privacy-preserving translation method between IP and NDN called the dual-channel translation gateway. The gateway provides two different channels dedicated to the interest and the data packet to translate the IP to the NDN protocol and vice versa. Additionally, the name resolution table is provided at the gateway that binds an IP packet securely with a prefix name. Moreover, we compare the dual-channel gateway performance with the encapsulation gateway.
Zhu, Xiaoyan, Zhang, Yu, Zhu, Lei, Hei, Xinhong, Wang, Yichuan, Hu, Feixiong, Yao, Yanni.  2021.  Chinese named entity recognition method for the field of network security based on RoBERTa. 2021 International Conference on Networking and Network Applications (NaNA). :420–425.
As the mobile Internet is developing rapidly, people who use cell phones to access the Internet dominate, and the mobile Internet has changed the development environment of online public opinion and made online public opinion events spread more widely. In the online environment, any kind of public issues may become a trigger for the generation of public opinion and thus need to be controlled for network supervision. The method in this paper can identify entities from the event texts obtained from mobile Today's Headlines, People's Daily, etc., and informatize security of public opinion in event instances, thus strengthening network supervision and control in mobile, and providing sufficient support for national security event management. In this paper, we present a SW-BiLSTM-CRF model, as well as a model combining the RoBERTa pre-trained model with the classical neural network BiLSTM model. Our experiments show that this approach provided achieves quite good results on Chinese emergency corpus, with accuracy and F1 values of 87.21% and 78.78%, respectively.
Zhang, Shimei, Yan, Pingyan.  2021.  The Challenge of Copyright Protection of Artificial Intelligence Products to the Field of Intellectual Property Legislation Based on Information Technology. 2021 International Conference on Forthcoming Networks and Sustainability in AIoT Era (FoNeS-AIoT). :275–279.
The rise of artificial intelligence plays an important role in social progress and economic development, which is a hot topic in the Internet industry. In the past few years, the Chinese government has vigorously increased policy support to promote the golden age of artificial intelligence. However, with the rapid development of artificial intelligence, the copyright protection and intellectual property legislation of artificial intelligence products have brought some challenges.
Gatara, Maradona C., Mzyece, Mjumo.  2021.  5G Network and Haptic-Enabled Internet for Remote Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Applications: A Task-Technology Fit Perspective. 2021 IEEE AFRICON. :1–6.
Haptic communications and 5G networks in conjunction with AI and robotics will augment the human user experience by enabling real-time task performance via the control of objects remotely. This represents a paradigm shift from content delivery-based networks to task-oriented networks for remote skill set delivery. The transmission of user skill sets in remote task performance marks the advent of a haptic-enabled Internet of Skills (IoS), through which the transmission of touch and actuation sensations will be possible. In this proposed research, a conceptual Task-Technology Fit (TTF) model of a haptic-enabled IoS is developed to link human users and haptic-enabled technologies to technology use and task performance between master (control) and remote (controlled) domains to provide a Quality of Experience (QoE) and Quality of Task (QoT) oriented perspective of a Haptic Internet. Future 5G-enabled applications promise the high availability, security, fast reaction speeds, and reliability characteristics required for the transmission of human user skills over large geographical distances. The 5G network and haptic-enabled IoS considered in this research will support a number of critical applications. One such novel scenario in which a TTF of a Haptic Internet can be modelled is the use case of remote-controlled Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This paper is a contribution towards the realization of a 5G network and haptic-enabled QoE-QoT-centric IoS for augmented user task performance. Future empirical results of this research will be useful to understanding the role that varying degrees of a fit between context-specific task and technology characteristics play in influencing the impact of haptic-enabled technology use for real-time immersive remote UAV (drone) control task performance.
Singh, Jagdeep, Behal, Sunny.  2021.  A Novel Approach for the Detection of DDoS Attacks in SDN using Information Theory Metric. 2021 8th International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom). :512—516.
Internet always remains the target for the cyberattacks, and attackers are getting equipped with more potent tools due to the advancement of technology to preach the security of the Internet. Industries and organizations are sponsoring many projects to avoid these kinds of problems. As a result, SDN (Software Defined Network) architecture is becoming an acceptable alternative for the traditional IP based networks which seems a better approach to defend the Internet. However, SDN is also vulnerable to many new threats because of its architectural concept. SDN might be a primary target for DoS (Denial of Service) and DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attacks due to centralized control and linking of data plane and control plane. In this paper, the we propose a novel technique for detection of DDoS attacks using information theory metric. We compared our approach with widely used Intrusion Detection Systems (IDSs) based on Shannon entropy and Renyi entropy, and proved that our proposed methodology has more power to detect malicious flows in SDN based networks. We have used precision, detection rate and FPR (False Positive Rate) as performance parameters for comparison, and validated the methodology using a topology implemented in Mininet network emulator.
Ricks, Brian, Tague, Patrick, Thuraisingham, Bhavani.  2021.  DDoS-as-a-Smokescreen: Leveraging Netflow Concurrency and Segmentation for Faster Detection. 2021 Third IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems and Applications (TPS-ISA). :217—224.
In the ever evolving Internet threat landscape, Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attacks remain a popular means to invoke service disruption. DDoS attacks, however, have evolved to become a tool of deceit, providing a smokescreen or distraction while some other underlying attack takes place, such as data exfiltration. Knowing the intent of a DDoS, and detecting underlying attacks which may be present concurrently with it, is a challenging problem. An entity whose network is under a DDoS attack may not have the support personnel to both actively fight a DDoS and try to mitigate underlying attacks. Therefore, any system that can detect such underlying attacks should do so only with a high degree of confidence. Previous work utilizing flow aggregation techniques with multi-class anomaly detection showed promise in both DDoS detection and detecting underlying attacks ongoing during an active DDoS attack. In this work, we head in the opposite direction, utilizing flow segmentation and concurrent flow feature aggregation, with the primary goal of greatly reduced detection times of both DDoS and underlying attacks. Using the same multi-class anomaly detection approach, we show greatly improved detection times with promising detection performance.
Khalid, Haqi, Hashim, Shaiful Jahari, Mumtazah Syed Ahamed, Sharifah, Hashim, Fazirulhisyam, Chaudhary, Muhammad Akmal.  2021.  Secure Real-time Data Access Using Two-Factor Authentication Scheme for the Internet of Drones. 2021 IEEE 19th Student Conference on Research and Development (SCOReD). :168—173.
The Internet of Drones (IoD) is a distributed network control system that mainly manages unmanned aerial vehicle access to controlled airspace and provides navigation between so-called nodes. Securing the transmission of real-time information from the nodes in these applications is essential. The limited drone nodes, data storage, computing and communication capabilities necessitate the need to design an effective and secure authentication scheme. Recently, research has proposed remote user authentication and the key agreement on IoD and claimed that their schemes satisfied all security issues in these networks. However, we found that their schemes may lead to losing access to the drone system due to the corruption of using a key management system and make the system completely unusable. To solve this drawback, we propose a lightweight and anonymous two-factor authentication scheme for drones. The proposed scheme is based on an asymmetric cryptographic method to provide a secure system and is more suitable than the other existing schemes by securing real-time information. Moreover, the comparison shows that the proposed scheme minimized the complexity of communication and computation costs.
Gallus, Petr, Frantis, Petr.  2021.  Security analysis of the Raspbian Linux operating system and its settings to increase resilience against attacks via network interface. 2021 International Conference on Military Technologies (ICMT). :1—5.

The Internet, originally an academic network for the rapid exchange of information, has moved over time into the commercial media, business and later industrial communications environment. Recently, it has been included as a part of cyberspace as a combat domain. Any device connected to the unprotected Internet is thus exposed to possible attacks by various groups and individuals pursuing various criminal, security and political objectives. Therefore, each such device must be set up to be as resistant as possible to these attacks. For the implementation of small home, academic or industrial systems, people very often use small computing system Raspberry PI, which is usually equipped with the operating system Raspbian Linux. Such a device is often connected to an unprotected Internet environment and if successfully attacked, can act as a gateway for an attacker to enter the internal network of an organization or home. This paper deals with security configuration of Raspbian Linux operating system for operation on public IP addresses in an unprotected Internet environment. The content of this paper is the conduction and analysis of an experiment in which five Raspbian Linux/Raspberry PI accounts were created with varying security levels; the easiest to attack is a simulation of the device of a user who has left the system without additional security. The accounts that follow gradually add further protection and security. These accounts are used to simulate a variety of experienced users, and in a practical experiment the effects of these security measures are evaluated; such as the number of successful / unsuccessful attacks; where the attacks are from; the type and intensity of the attacks; and the target of the attack. The results of this experiment lead to formulated conclusions containing an analysis of the attack and subsequent design recommendations and settings to secure such a device. The subsequent section of the paper discusses the implementation of a simple TCP server that is configured to listen to incoming traffic on preset ports; it simulates the behaviour of selected services on these ports. This server's task is to intercept unauthorized connection attempts to these ports and intercepting attempts to communicate or attack these services. These recorded attack attempts are analyzed in detail and formulated in the conclusion, including implications for the security settings of such a device. The overall result of this paper is the recommended set up of operating system Raspbian Linux to work on public IP addresses in an unfiltered Internet environment.

Kientega, Raoul, Sidibé, Moustapha Hadji, Traore, Tiemogo.  2021.  Toward an Enhanced Tool for Internet Exchange Point Detection. 2021 3rd International Multidisciplinary Information Technology and Engineering Conference (IMITEC). :1–3.
Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) are critical components of the Internet infrastructure that affect its performance, evolution, security and economy. In this work, we introduce a technique to improve the well-known TraIXroute tool with its ability to identify IXPs. TraIXroute is a tool written in python3. It always encounters problems during its installation by network administrators and researchers. This problem remains unchanged in the field of internet ixp measurement tools. Our paper aims to make a critical analysis of TraIXroute tool which has some malfunctions. Furthermore, our main objective is to implement an improved tool for detecting ixps on the traceroute path with ipv4 and ipv6. The tool will have options for Geolocation of ixps as well as ASs. Our tool is written in C\# (C sharp) and python which are object oriented programming languages.
Papaspirou, Vassilis, Maglaras, Leandros, Ferrag, Mohamed Amine, Kantzavelou, Ioanna, Janicke, Helge, Douligeris, Christos.  2021.  A novel Two-Factor HoneyToken Authentication Mechanism. 2021 International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks (ICCCN). :1–7.
The majority of systems rely on user authentication on passwords, but passwords have so many weaknesses and widespread use that easily raise significant security concerns, regardless of their encrypted form. Users hold the same password for different accounts, administrators never check password files for flaws that might lead to a successful cracking, and the lack of a tight security policy regarding regular password replacement are a few problems that need to be addressed. The proposed research work aims at enhancing this security mechanism, prevent penetrations, password theft, and attempted break-ins towards securing computing systems. The selected solution approach is two-folded; it implements a two-factor authentication scheme to prevent unauthorized access, accompanied by Honeyword principles to detect corrupted or stolen tokens. Both can be integrated into any platform or web application with the use of QR codes and a mobile phone.
Farion-Melnyk, Antonina, Rozheliuk, Viktoria, Slipchenko, Tetiana, Banakh, Serhiy, Farion, Mykhailyna, Bilan, Oksana.  2021.  Ransomware Attacks: Risks, Protection and Prevention Measures. 2021 11th International Conference on Advanced Computer Information Technologies (ACIT). :473—478.
This article is about the current situation of cybercrime activity in the world. Research was planned to seek the possible protection measures taking into account the last events which might create an appropriate background for increasing of ransomware damages and cybercrime attacks. Nowadays, the most spread types of cybercrimes are fishing, theft of personal or payment data, cryptojacking, cyberespionage and ransomware. The last one is the most dangerous. It has ability to spread quickly and causes damages and sufficient financial loses. The major problem of this ransomware type is unpredictability of its behavior. It could be overcome only after the defined ransom was paid. This conditions created an appropriate background for the activation of cyber criminals’ activity even the organization of cyber gangs – professional, well-organized and well-prepared (tactical) group. So, researches conducted in this field have theoretical and practical value in the scientific sphere of research.
Cao, Wanqin, Huang, Yunhui, Li, Dezheng, Yang, Feng, Jiang, Xiaofeng, Yang, Jian.  2021.  A Blockchain Based Link-Flooding Attack Detection Scheme. 2021 IEEE 4th Advanced Information Management, Communicates, Electronic and Automation Control Conference (IMCEC). 4:1665–1669.
Distributed Denial-of-Service (DDoS) attack is a long-lived attack that is hugely harmful to the Internet. In particular, the emergence of a new type of DDoS called Link Flooding Attack (LFA) makes the detection and defense more difficult. In LFA, the attacker cuts off a specific area by controlling large numbers of bots to send low-rate traffic to congest selected links. Since the attack flows are similar to the legitimate ones, traditional schemes like anomaly detection and intrusion detection are no longer applicable. Blockchain provides a new solution to address this issue. In this paper, we propose a blockchain-based LFA detection scheme, which is deployed on routers and servers in and around the area that we want to protect. Blockchain technology is used to record and share the traceroute information, which enables the hosts in the protected region to easily trace the flow paths. We implement our scheme in Ethereum and conduct simulation experiments to evaluate its performance. The results show that our scheme can achieve timely detection of LFA with a high detection rate and a low false positive rate, as well as a low overhead.
Dou, Zhongchen.  2021.  The Text Captcha Solver: A Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network-Based Approach. 2021 International Conference on Big Data Analysis and Computer Science (BDACS). :273—283.
Although several different attacks or modern security mechanisms have been proposed, the captchas created by the numbers and the letters are still used by some websites or applications to protect their information security. The reason is that the labels of the captcha data are difficult to collect for the attacker, and protector can easily control the various parameters of the captchas: like the noise, the font type, the font size, and the background color, then make this security mechanism update with the increased attack methods. It can against attacks in different situations very effectively. This paper presents a method to recognize the different text-based captchas based on a system constituted by the denoising autoencoder and the Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network (CRNN) model with the Connectionist Temporal Classification (CTC) structure. We show that our approach has a better performance for recognizing, and it solves the identification problem of indefinite character length captchas efficiently.
Jadhav, Mohit, Kulkarni, Nupur, Walhekar, Omkar.  2021.  Doodling Based CAPTCHA Authentication System. 2021 Asian Conference on Innovation in Technology (ASIANCON). :1—5.
CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing Test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) is a widely used challenge-measures to distinguish humans and computer automated programs apart. Several existing CAPTCHAs are reliable for normal users, whereas visually impaired users face a lot of problems with the CAPTCHA authentication process. CAPTCHAs such as Google reCAPTCHA alternatively provides audio CAPTCHA, but many users find it difficult to decipher due to noise, language barrier, and accent of the audio of the CAPTCHA. Existing CAPTCHA systems lack user satisfaction on smartphones thus limiting its use. Our proposed system potentially solves the problem faced by visually impaired users during the process of CAPTCHA authentication. Also, our system makes the authentication process generic across users as well as platforms.
Singh, A K, Goyal, Navneet.  2021.  Detection of Malicious Webpages Using Deep Learning. 2021 IEEE International Conference on Big Data (Big Data). :3370–3379.
Malicious Webpages have been a serious threat on Internet for the past few years. As per the latest Google Transparency reports, they continue to be top ranked amongst online threats. Various techniques have been used till date to identify malicious sites, to include, Static Heuristics, Honey Clients, Machine Learning, etc. Recently, with the rapid rise of Deep Learning, an interest has aroused to explore Deep Learning techniques for detecting Malicious Webpages. In this paper Deep Learning has been utilized for such classification. The model proposed in this research has used a Deep Neural Network (DNN) with two hidden layers to distinguish between Malicious and Benign Webpages. This DNN model gave high accuracy of 99.81% with very low False Positives (FP) and False Negatives (FN), and with near real-time response on test sample. The model outperformed earlier machine learning solutions in accuracy, precision, recall and time performance metrics.