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2021-10-12
Jayabalan, Manoj.  2020.  Towards an Approach of Risk Analysis in Access Control. 2020 13th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering (DeSE). :287–292.
Information security provides a set of mechanisms to be implemented in the organisation to protect the disclosure of data to the unauthorised person. Access control is the primary security component that allows the user to authorise the consumption of resources and data based on the predefined permissions. However, the access rules are static in nature, which does not adapt to the dynamic environment includes but not limited to healthcare, cloud computing, IoT, National Security and Intelligence Arena and multi-centric system. There is a need for an additional countermeasure in access decision that can adapt to those working conditions to assess the threats and to ensure privacy and security are maintained. Risk analysis is an act of measuring the threats to the system through various means such as, analysing the user behaviour, evaluating the user trust, and security policies. It is a modular component that can be integrated into the existing access control to predict the risk. This study presents the different techniques and approaches applied for risk analysis in access control. Based on the insights gained, this paper formulates the taxonomy of risk analysis and properties that will allow researchers to focus on areas that need to be improved and new features that could be beneficial to stakeholders.
2021-10-04
Moustafa, Nour, Keshky, Marwa, Debiez, Essam, Janicke, Helge.  2020.  Federated TONİoT Windows Datasets for Evaluating AI-Based Security Applications. 2020 IEEE 19th International Conference on Trust, Security and Privacy in Computing and Communications (TrustCom). :848–855.
Existing cyber security solutions have been basically developed using knowledge-based models that often cannot trigger new cyber-attack families. With the boom of Artificial Intelligence (AI), especially Deep Learning (DL) algorithms, those security solutions have been plugged-in with AI models to discover, trace, mitigate or respond to incidents of new security events. The algorithms demand a large number of heterogeneous data sources to train and validate new security systems. This paper presents the description of new datasets, the so-called ToNİoT, which involve federated data sources collected from Telemetry datasets of IoT services, Operating system datasets of Windows and Linux, and datasets of Network traffic. The paper introduces the testbed and description of TONİoT datasets for Windows operating systems. The testbed was implemented in three layers: edge, fog and cloud. The edge layer involves IoT and network devices, the fog layer contains virtual machines and gateways, and the cloud layer involves cloud services, such as data analytics, linked to the other two layers. These layers were dynamically managed using the platforms of software-Defined Network (SDN) and Network-Function Virtualization (NFV) using the VMware NSX and vCloud NFV platform. The Windows datasets were collected from audit traces of memories, processors, networks, processes and hard disks. The datasets would be used to evaluate various AI-based cyber security solutions, including intrusion detection, threat intelligence and hunting, privacy preservation and digital forensics. This is because the datasets have a wide range of recent normal and attack features and observations, as well as authentic ground truth events. The datasets can be publicly accessed from this link [1].
Zhang, Chong, Liu, Xiao, Zheng, Xi, Li, Rui, Liu, Huai.  2020.  FengHuoLun: A Federated Learning based Edge Computing Platform for Cyber-Physical Systems. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops (PerCom Workshops). :1–4.
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) such as intelligent connected vehicles, smart farming and smart logistics are constantly generating tons of data and requiring real-time data processing capabilities. Therefore, Edge Computing which provisions computing resources close to the End Devices from the network edge is becoming the ideal platform for CPS. However, it also brings many issues and one of the most prominent challenges is how to ensure the development of trustworthy smart services given the dynamic and distributed nature of Edge Computing. To tackle this challenge, this paper proposes a novel Federated Learning based Edge Computing platform for CPS, named “FengHuoLun”. Specifically, based on FengHuoLun, we can: 1) implement smart services where machine learning models are trained in a trusted Federated Learning framework; 2) assure the trustworthiness of smart services where CPS behaviours are tested and monitored using the Federated Learning framework. As a work in progress, we have presented an overview of the FengHuoLun platform and also some preliminary studies on its key components, and finally discussed some important future research directions.
Mohiuddin, Irfan, Almogren, Ahmad.  2020.  Security Challenges and Strategies for the IoT in Cloud Computing. 2020 11th International Conference on Information and Communication Systems (ICICS). :367–372.
The Internet of Things is progressively turning into a pervasive computing service, needing enormous volumes of data storage and processing. However, due to the distinctive properties of resource constraints, self-organization, and short-range communication in Internet of Things (IoT), it always adopts to cloud for outsourced storage and computation. This integration of IoT with cloud has a row of unfamiliar security challenges for the data at rest. Cloud computing delivers highly scalable and flexible computing and storage resources on pay-per-use policy. Cloud computing services for computation and storage are getting increasingly popular and many organizations are now moving their data from in-house data centers to the Cloud Storage Providers (CSPs). Time varying workload and data intensive IoT applications are vulnerable to encounter challenges while using cloud computing services. Additionally, the encryption techniques and third-party auditors to maintain data integrity are still in their developing stage and therefore the data at rest is still a concern for IoT applications. In this paper, we perform an analysis study to investigate the challenges and strategies adapted by Cloud Computing to facilitate a safe transition of IoT applications to the Cloud.
Zheng, Yandong, Lu, Rongxing.  2020.  Efficient Privacy-Preserving Similarity Range Query based on Pre-Computed Distances in eHealthcare. GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–6.
The advance of smart eHealthcare and cloud computing techniques has propelled an increasing number of healthcare centers to outsource their healthcare data to the cloud. Meanwhile, in order to preserve the privacy of the sensitive information, healthcare centers tend to encrypt the data before outsourcing them to the cloud. Although the data encryption technique can preserve the privacy of the data, it inevitably hinders the query functionalities over the outsourced data. Among all practical query functionalities, the similarity range query is one of the most popular ones. However, to our best knowledge, many existing studies on the similarity range query over outsourced data still suffer from the efficiency issue in the query process. Therefore, in this paper, aiming at improving the query efficiency, we propose an efficient privacy-preserving similarity range query scheme based on the precomputed distance technique. In specific, we first introduce a pre-computed distance based similarity range query (PreDSQ) algorithm, which can improve the query efficiency by precomputing some distances. Then, we propose our privacy-preserving similarity query scheme by applying an asymmetric scalar-product-preserving encryption technique to preserve the privacy of the PreDSQ algorithm. Both security analysis and performance evaluation are conducted, and the results show that our proposed scheme is efficient and can well preserve the privacy of data records and query requests.
Masood, Raziqa, Pandey, Nitin, Rana, Q. P..  2020.  DHT-PDP: A Distributed Hash Table based Provable Data Possession Mechanism in Cloud Storage. 2020 8th International Conference on Reliability, Infocom Technologies and Optimization (Trends and Future Directions) (ICRITO). :275–279.
The popularity of cloud storage among data users is due to easy maintenance, and no initial infrastructure setup cost as compared to local storage. However, although the data users outsource their data to cloud storage (a third party) still, they concern about their physical data. To check whether the data stored in the cloud storage has been modified or not, public auditing of the data is required before its utilization. To audit over vast outsourced data, the availability of the auditor is an essential requirement as nowadays, data owners are using mobile devices. But unfortunately, a single auditor leads to a single point of failure and inefficient to preserve the security and correctness of outsourced data. So, we introduce a distributed public auditing scheme which is based on peer-to-peer (P2P) architecture. In this work, the auditors are organized using a distributed hash table (DHT) mechanism and audit the outsourced data with the help of a published hashed key of the data. The computation and communication overhead of our proposed scheme is compared with the existing schemes, and it found to be an effective solution for public auditing on outsourced data with no single point of failure.
Song, Fuyuan, Qin, Zheng, Zhang, Jixin, Liu, Dongxiao, Liang, Jinwen, Shen, Xuemin Sherman.  2020.  Efficient and Privacy-preserving Outsourced Image Retrieval in Public Clouds. GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–6.
With the proliferation of cloud services, cloud-based image retrieval services enable large-scale image outsourcing and ubiquitous image searching. While enjoying the benefits of the cloud-based image retrieval services, critical privacy concerns may arise in such services since they may contain sensitive personal information. In this paper, we propose an efficient and Privacy-Preserving Image Retrieval scheme with Key Switching Technique (PPIRS). PPIRS utilizes the inner product encryption for measuring Euclidean distances between image feature vectors and query vectors in a privacy-preserving manner. Due to the high dimension of the image feature vectors and the large scale of the image databases, traditional secure Euclidean distance comparison methods provide insufficient search efficiency. To prune the search space of image retrieval, PPIRS tailors key switching technique (KST) for reducing the dimension of the encrypted image feature vectors and further achieves low communication overhead. Meanwhile, by introducing locality sensitive hashing (LSH), PPIRS builds efficient searchable indexes for image retrieval by organizing similar images into a bucket. Security analysis shows that the privacy of both outsourced images and queries are guaranteed. Extensive experiments on a real-world dataset demonstrate that PPIRS achieves efficient image retrieval in terms of computational cost.
2021-09-30
Lina, Zhu, Dongzhao, Zhu.  2020.  A New Network Security Architecture Based on SDN / NFV Technology. 2020 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Application (ICCEA). :669–675.
The new network based on software-defined network SDN and network function virtualization NFV will replace the traditional network, so it is urgent to study the network security architecture based on the new network environment. This paper presents a software - defined security SDS architecture. It is open and universal. It provides an open interface for security services, security devices, and security management. It enables different network security vendors to deploy security products and security solutions. It can realize the deployment, arrangement and customization of virtual security function VSFs. It implements fine-grained data flow control and security policy management. The author analyzes the different types of attacks that different parts of the system are vulnerable to. The defender can disable the network attacks by changing the server-side security configuration scheme. The future research direction of network security is put forward.
Ellinidou, Soultana, Sharma, Gaurav, Markowitch, Olivier, Gogniat, Guy, Dricot, Jean-Michel.  2020.  A novel Network-on-Chip security algorithm for tolerating Byzantine faults. 2020 IEEE International Symposium on Defect and Fault Tolerance in VLSI and Nanotechnology Systems (DFT). :1–6.
Since the number of processors and cores on a single chip is increasing, the interconnection among them becomes significant. Network-on-Chip (NoC) has direct access to all resources and information within a System-on-Chip (SoC), rendering it appealing to attackers. Malicious attacks targeting NoC are a major cause of performance depletion and they can cause arbitrary behavior of links or routers, that is, Byzantine faults. Byzantine faults have been thoroughly investigated in the context of Distributed systems however not in Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) systems. Hence, in this paper we propose a novel fault model followed by the design and implementation of lightweight algorithms, based on Software Defined Network-on-Chip (SDNoC) architecture. The proposed algorithms can be used to build highly available NoCs and can tolerate Byzantine faults. Additionally, a set of different scenarios has been simulated and the results demonstrate that by using the proposed algorithms the packet loss decreases between 65% and 76% under Transpose traffic, 67% and 77% under BitReverse and 55% and 66% under Uniform traffic.
2021-09-16
Grusho, A., Nikolaev, A., Piskovski, V., Sentchilo, V., Timonina, E..  2020.  Endpoint Cloud Terminal as an Approach to Secure the Use of an Enterprise Private Cloud. 2020 International Scientific and Technical Conference Modern Computer Network Technologies (MoNeTeC). :1–4.
Practical activities usually require the ability to simultaneously work with internal, distributed information resources and access to the Internet. The need to solve this problem necessitates the use of appropriate administrative and technical methods to protect information. Such methods relate to the idea of domain isolation. This paper considers the principles of implementation and properties of an "Endpoint Cloud Terminal" that is general-purpose software tool with built-in security instruments. This apparatus solves the problem by combining an arbitrary number of isolated and independent workplaces on one hardware unit, a personal computer.
Patel, Ashok R.  2020.  Biometrics Based Access Framework for Secure Cloud Computing. 2020 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence (CSCI). :1318–1321.
This paper is focused on the topic of the use of biometrics framework and strategy for secure access identity management of cloud computing services. This paper present's a description of cloud computing security issues and explored a review of previous works that represented various ideas for a cloud access framework. This paper discusses threats like a malicious insider, data breaches, and describes ways to protect them. It describes an innovative way portrayed a framework that fingerprint access-based authentication to protect Cloud services from unauthorized access and DOS, DDoS attacks. This biometrics-based framework as an extra layer of protection, added then it can be robust to prevent unauthorized access to cloud services.
Long, Saiqin, Yu, Hao, Li, Zhetao, Tian, Shujuan, Li, Yun.  2020.  Energy Efficiency Evaluation Based on QoS Parameter Specification for Cloud Systems. 2020 IEEE 22nd International Conference on High Performance Computing and Communications; IEEE 18th International Conference on Smart City; IEEE 6th International Conference on Data Science and Systems (HPCC/SmartCity/DSS). :27–34.
Energy efficiency evaluation (EEE) is a research difficulty in the field of cloud computing. The current research mainly considers the relevant energy efficiency indicators of cloud systems and weights the interrelationship between energy consumption, system performance and QoS requirements. However, it lacks a combination of subjective and objective, qualitative and quantitative evaluation method to accurately evaluate the energy efficiency of cloud systems. We propose a novel EEE method based on the QoS parameter specification for cloud systems (EEE-QoS). Firstly, it reduces the metric values that affect QoS requirements to the same dimension range and then establishes a belief rule base (BRB). The best-worst method is utilized to determine the initial weights of the premise attributes in the BRB model. Then, the BRB model parameters are optimized by the mean-square error, the activation weight is calculated, and the activation rules of the evidence reasoning algorithm are integrated to evaluate the belief of the conclusion. The quantitative and qualitative evaluation of the energy efficiency of cloud systems is realized. The experiments show that the proposed method can accurately and objectively evaluate the energy efficiency of cloud systems.
Konjaang, J. Kok, Xu, Lina.  2020.  Cost Optimised Heuristic Algorithm (COHA) for Scientific Workflow Scheduling in IaaS Cloud Environment. 2020 IEEE 6th Intl Conference on Big Data Security on Cloud (BigDataSecurity), IEEE Intl Conference on High Performance and Smart Computing, (HPSC) and IEEE Intl Conference on Intelligent Data and Security (IDS). :162–168.
Cloud computing, a multipurpose and high-performance internet-based computing, can model and transform a large range of application requirements into a set of workflow tasks. It allows users to represent their computational needs conveniently for data retrieval, reformatting, and analysis. However, workflow applications are big data applications and often take long hours to finish executing due to their nature and data size. In this paper, we study the cost optimised scheduling algorithms in cloud and proposed a novel task splitting algorithm named Cost optimised Heuristic Algorithm (COHA) for the cloud scheduler to optimise the execution cost. In this algorithm, the large tasks are split into sub-tasks to reduce their execution time. The design purpose is to enable all tasks to adequately meet their deadlines. We have carefully tested the performance of the COHA with a list of workflow inputs. The simulation results have convincingly demonstrated that COHA can effectively perform VM allocation and deployment, and well handle randomly arrived tasks. It can efficiently reduce execution costs while also allowing all tasks to properly finish before their deadlines. Overall, the improvements in our algorithm have remarkably reduced the execution cost by 32.5% for Sipht, 3.9% for Montage, and 1.2% for CyberShake workflows when compared to the state of art work.
Du, Xin, Tang, Songtao, Lu, Zhihui, Wet, Jie, Gai, Keke, Hung, Patrick C.K..  2020.  A Novel Data Placement Strategy for Data-Sharing Scientific Workflows in Heterogeneous Edge-Cloud Computing Environments. 2020 IEEE International Conference on Web Services (ICWS). :498–507.
The deployment of datasets in the heterogeneous edge-cloud computing paradigm has received increasing attention in state-of-the-art research. However, due to their large sizes and the existence of private scientific datasets, finding an optimal data placement strategy that can minimize data transmission as well as improve performance, remains a persistent problem. In this study, the advantages of both edge and cloud computing are combined to construct a data placement model that works for multiple scientific workflows. Apparently, the most difficult research challenge is to provide a data placement strategy to consider shared datasets, both within individual and among multiple workflows, across various geographically distributed environments. According to the constructed model, not only the storage capacity of edge micro-datacenters, but also the data transfer between multiple clouds across regions must be considered. To address this issue, we considered the characteristics of this model and identified the factors that are causing the transmission delay. The authors propose using a discrete particle swarm optimization algorithm with differential evolution (DE-DPSO) to distribute dataset during workflow execution. Based on this, a new data placement strategy named DE-DPSO-DPS is proposed. DE-DPSO-DPS is evaluated using several experiments designed in simulated heterogeneous edge-cloud computing environments. The results demonstrate that our data placement strategy can effectively reduce the data transmission time and achieve superior performance as compared to traditional strategies for data-sharing scientific workflows.
Kulkarni, Pallavi, Khanai, Rajashri, Bindagi, Gururaj.  2020.  A Hybrid Encryption Scheme for Securing Images in the Cloud. 2020 International Conference on Inventive Computation Technologies (ICICT). :795–800.
With the introduction of Cloud computing, a new era of computing has begun. Cloud has the ability to provide flexible, cost effective pay-as-you-go service. In the modern day computing, outsourcing of data/multimedia into the cloud has become an effective trend as cloud provides storage as a service, platform/software as a service, infrastructure as a service etc. Seamless exchange of data /multimedia is made possible ensuring the data available anytime, anywhere. Even though cloud based services offer many advantages, data owners are still hesitant to keep their data with the third party. Confidentiality, Integrity, Privacy and Non-repudiation are the major concerns of the outsourced data. To secure the data exchange between users and the cloud, many traditional security approaches are proposed. In this paper, a hybrid encryption technique to secure the images is proposed. The scheme uses Elliptic Curve Cryptography to generate the secret key, which in turn used for DES and AES algorithms.
Ruggeri, Armando, Celesti, Antonio, Fazio, Maria, Galletta, Antonino, Villari, Massimo.  2020.  BCB-X3DH: A Blockchain Based Improved Version of the Extended Triple Diffie-Hellman Protocol. 2020 Second IEEE International Conference on Trust, Privacy and Security in Intelligent Systems and Applications (TPS-ISA). :73–78.
The Extended Triple Diffie-Hellman (X3DH) protocol has been used for years as the basis of secure communication establishment among parties (i.e, humans and devices) over the Internet. However, such a protocol has several limits. It is typically based on a single trust third-party server that represents a single point of failure (SPoF) being consequently exposed to well- known Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) attacks. In order to address such a limit, several solutions have been proposed so far that are often cost expensive and difficult to be maintained. The objective of this paper is to propose a BlockChain-Based X3DH (BCB-X3DH) protocol that allows eliminating such a SPoF, also simplifying its maintenance. Specifically, it combines the well- known X3DH security mechanisms with the intrinsic features of data non-repudiation and immutability that are typical of Smart Contracts. Furthermore, different implementation approaches are discussed to suits both human-to-human and device-to-device scenarios. Experiments compared the performance of both X3DH and BCB-X3DH.
2021-09-08
Gupta, Anushikha, Kalra, Mala.  2020.  Intrusion Detection and Prevention System Using Cuckoo Search Algorithm with ANN in Cloud Computing. 2020 Sixth International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and Grid Computing (PDGC). :66–72.
The Security is a vital aspect of cloud service as it comprises of data that belong to multiple users. Cloud service providers are responsible for maintaining data integrity, confidentiality and availability. They must ensure that their infrastructure and data are protected from intruders. In this research work Intrusion Detection System is designed to detect malicious server by using Cuckoo Search (CS) along with Artificial Intelligence. CS is used for feature optimization with the help of fitness function, the server's nature is categorized into two types: normal and attackers. On the basis of extracted features, ANN classify the attackers which affect the networks in cloud environment. The main aim is to distinguish attacker servers that are affected by DoS/DDoS, Black and Gray hole attacks from the genuine servers. Thus, instead of passing data to attacker server, the server passes the data to the genuine servers and hence, the system is protected. To validate the performance of the system, QoS parameters such as PDR (Packet delivery rate), energy consumption rate and total delay before and after prevention algorithm are measured. When compared with existing work, the PDR and the delay have been enhanced by 3.0 %and 21.5 %.
Potluri, Sirisha, Mangla, Monika, Satpathy, Suneeta, Mohanty, Sachi Nandan.  2020.  Detection and Prevention Mechanisms for DDoS Attack in Cloud Computing Environment. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT). :1–6.
For optimal use of cloud resources and to reduce the latency of cloud users, the cloud computing model extends the services such as networking facilities, computational capabilities and storage facilities based on demand. Due to the dynamic behavior, distributed paradigm and heterogeneity present among the processing elements, devices and service oriented pay per use policies; the cloud computing environment is having its availability, security and privacy issues. Among these various issues one of the important issues in cloud computing paradigm is DDoS attack. This paper put in plain words the DDoS attack, its detection as well as prevention mechanisms in cloud computing environment. The inclusive study also explains about the effects of DDoS attack on cloud platform and the related defense mechanisms required to be considered.
2021-09-07
Bülbül, Nuref\c san Sertba\c s, Fischer, Mathias.  2020.  SDN/NFV-Based DDoS Mitigation via Pushback. ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). :1–6.
Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks aim at bringing down or decreasing the availability of services for their legitimate users, by exhausting network or server resources. It is difficult to differentiate attack traffic from legitimate traffic as the attack can come from distributed nodes that additionally might spoof their IP addresses. Traditional DoS mitigation solutions fail to defend all kinds of DoS attacks and huge DoS attacks might exceed the processing capacity of routers and firewalls easily. The advent of Software-defined Networking (SDN) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV) has brought a new perspective for network defense. Key features of such technologies like global network view and flexibly positionable security functionality can be used for mitigating DDoS attacks. In this paper, we propose a collaborative DDoS attack mitigation scheme that uses SDN and NFV. We adopt a machine learning algorithm from related work to derive accurate patterns describing DDoS attacks. Our experimental results indicate that our framework is able to differentiate attack and legitimate traffic with high accuracy and in near-realtime. Furthermore, the derived patterns can be used to create OpenFlow (OF) or Firewall rules that can be pushed back into the direction of the attack origin for more efficient and distributed filtering.
Tirupathi, Chittibabu, Hamdaoui, Bechir, Rayes, Ammar.  2020.  HybridCache: AI-Assisted Cloud-RAN Caching with Reduced In-Network Content Redundancy. GLOBECOM 2020 - 2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference. :1–6.
The ever-increasing growth of urban populations coupled with recent mobile data usage trends has led to an unprecedented increase in wireless devices, services and applications, with varying quality of service needs in terms of latency, data rate, and connectivity. To cope with these rising demands and challenges, next-generation wireless networks have resorted to cloud radio access network (Cloud-RAN) technology as a way of reducing latency and network traffic. A concrete example of this is New York City's LinkNYC network infrastructure, which replaces the city's payphones with kiosk-like structures, called Links, to provide fast and free public Wi-Fi access to city users. When enabled with data storage capability, these Links can, for example, play the role of edge cloud devices to allow in-network content caching so that access latency and network traffic are reduced. In this paper, we propose HybridCache, a hybrid proactive and reactive in-network caching scheme that reduces content access latency and network traffic congestion substantially. It does so by first grouping edge cloud devices in clusters to minimize intra-cluster content access latency and then enabling cooperative-proactively and reactively-caching using LSTM-based prediction to minimize in-network content redundancy. Using the LinkNYC network as the backbone infrastructure for evaluation, we show that HybridCache reduces the number of hops that content needs to traverse and increases cache hit rates, thereby reducing both network traffic and content access latency.
Fernando, Praveen, Wei, Jin.  2020.  Blockchain-Powered Software Defined Network-Enabled Networking Infrastructure for Cloud Management. 2020 IEEE 17th Annual Consumer Communications Networking Conference (CCNC). :1–6.
Cloud architecture has become a valuable solution for different applications, such as big data analytics, due to its high degree of availability, scalability and strategic value. However, there still remain challenges in managing cloud architecture, in areas such as cloud security. In this paper, we exploit software-defined networking (SDN) and blockchain technologies to secure cloud management platforms from a networking perspective. We develop a blockchain-powered SDN-enabled networking infrastructure in which the integration between blockchain-based security and autonomy management layer and multi-controller SDN networking layer is defined to enhance the integrity of the control and management messages. Furthermore, our proposed networking infrastructure also enables the autonomous bandwidth provisioning to enhance the availability of cloud architecture. In the simulation section, we evaluate the performance of our proposed blockchain-powered SDN-enabled networking infrastructure by considering different scenarios.
2021-08-31
Shamini, P. Baby, Wise, D. C. Joy Winnie, Megavarshini, K. S., Ramesh, Mudaliar Kritika.  2020.  A Real Time Auditing System using QR Code for Secure Cloud Storage. 2020 International Conference on Electronics and Sustainable Communication Systems (ICESC). :847—850.
The objective of the project is to structure a portable application for inspecting and putting away information through a distributed storage administration. The information is remotely put away in the cloud. In some distributed storage frameworks, the cloud record may contain some touchy data. Scrambling the entire shared record doesn't permit different clients to get to it. In the current framework the client needs to use the biometric information to guarantee the character of the client and afterward a marking key will be checked which is to ensure the personality and security of the client. The principle downside of utilizing the biometric information is that it can't be coordinated precisely because of the elements that influence the difference in biometric information. A reference id made is naturally changed over to the QR code and it is checked utilizing a scanner and the specific record is downloaded. This record whenever erased or lost in the customer's inward stockpiling it very well may be recovered again from the cloud.
Wang, Jia, Gao, Min, Wang, Zongwei, Wang, Runsheng, Wen, Junhao.  2020.  Robustness Analysis of Triangle Relations Attack in Social Recommender Systems. 2020 IEEE 13th International Conference on Cloud Computing (CLOUD). :557–565.
Cloud computing is applied in various domains, among which social recommender systems are well-received because of their effectivity to provide suggestions for users. Social recommender systems perform well in alleviating cold start problem, but it suffers from shilling attack due to its natural openness. Shilling attack is an injection attack mainly acting on the training process of machine learning, which aims to advance or suppress the recommendation ranking of target items. Some researchers have studied the influence of shilling attacks in two perspectives simultaneously, which are user-item's rating and user-user's relation. However, they take more consideration into user-item's rating, and up to now, the construction of user-user's relation has not been explored in depth. To explore shilling attacks with complex relations, in this paper, we propose two novel attack models based on triangle relations in social networks. Furthermore, we explore the influence of these models on five social recommendation algorithms. The experimental results on three datasets show that the recommendation can be affected by the triangle relation attacks. The attack model combined with triangle relation has a better attack effect than the model only based on rating injection and the model combined with random relation. Besides, we compare the functions of triangle relations in friend recommendation and product recommendation.
Kim, Hwajung, Yeom, Heon Young, Son, Yongseok.  2020.  An Efficient Database Backup and Recovery Scheme using Write-Ahead Logging. 2020 IEEE 13th International Conference on Cloud Computing (CLOUD). :405—413.
Many cloud services perform periodic database backup to keep the data safe from failures such as sudden system crashes. In the database system, two techniques are widely used for data backup and recovery: a physical backup and a logical backup. The physical backup uses raw data by copying the files in the database, whereas the logical backup extracts data from the database and dumps it into separated files as a sequence of query statements. Both techniques support a full backup strategy that contains data of the entire database and incremental backup strategy that contains changed data since a previous backup. However, both strategies require additional I/O operations to perform the backup and need a long time to restore a backup. In this paper, we propose an efficient backup and recovery scheme by exploiting write-ahead logging (WAL) in database systems. In the proposed scheme, for backup, we devise a backup system to use log data generated by the existing WAL to eliminate the additional I/O operations. To restore a backup, we utilize and optimize the existing crash recovery procedure of WAL to reduce recovery time. For example, we divide the recovery range and applying the backup data for each range independently via multiple threads. We implement our scheme in MySQL, a popular database management system. The experimental result demonstrates that the proposed scheme provides instant backup while reducing recovery time compared with the existing schemes.
Feng, Na, Yin, Qiangguo.  2020.  Research on Computer Software Engineering Database Programming Technology Based on Virtualization Cloud Platform. 2020 IEEE 3rd International Conference of Safe Production and Informatization (IICSPI). :696—699.
The most important advantage of database is that it can form an intensive management system and serve a large number of information users, which shows the importance of information security in network development. However, there are many problems in the current computer software engineering industry, which seriously hinder the development of computer software engineering, among which the most remarkable and prominent one is that the database programming technology is difficult to be effectively utilized. In this paper, virtualization technology is used to manage the underlying resources of data center with the application background of big data technology, and realize the virtualization of network resources, storage resources and computing resources. It can play a constructive role in the construction of data center, integrate traditional and old resources, realize the computing data center system through virtualization, distributed storage and resource scheduling, and realize the clustering and load balancing of non-relational databases.