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Fowze, Farhaan, Choudhury, Muhtadi, Forte, Domenic.  2022.  EISec: Exhaustive Information Flow Security of Hardware Intellectual Property Utilizing Symbolic Execution. 2022 Asian Hardware Oriented Security and Trust Symposium (AsianHOST). :1–6.
Hardware IPs are assumed to be roots-of-trust in complex SoCs. However, their design and security verification are still heavily dependent on manual expertise. Extensive research in this domain has shown that even cryptographic modules may lack information flow security, making them susceptible to remote attacks. Further, when an SoC is in the hands of the attacker, physical attacks such as fault injection are possible. This paper introduces EISec, a novel tool utilizing symbolic execution for exhaustive analysis of hardware IPs. EISec operates at the pre-silicon stage on the gate level netlist of a design. It detects information flow security violations and generates the exhaustive set of control sequences that reproduces them. We further expand its capabilities to quantify the confusion and diffusion present in cryptographic modules and to analyze an FSM's susceptibility to fault injection attacks. The proposed methodology efficiently explores the complete input space of designs utilizing symbolic execution. In short, EISec is a holistic security analysis tool to help hardware designers capture security violations early on and mitigate them by reporting their triggers.
Gu, Yujie, Akao, Sonata, Esfahani, Navid Nasr, Miao, Ying, Sakurai, Kouichi.  2022.  On the Security Properties of Combinatorial All-or-nothing Transforms. 2022 IEEE International Symposium on Information Theory (ISIT). :1447—1452.
All-or-nothing transforms (AONT) were proposed by Rivest as a message preprocessing technique for encrypting data to protect against brute-force attacks, and have many applications in cryptography and information security. Later the unconditionally secure AONT and their combinatorial characterization were introduced by Stinson. Informally, a combinatorial AONT is an array with the unbiased requirements and its security properties in general depend on the prior probability distribution on the inputs s-tuples. Recently, it was shown by Esfahani and Stinson that a combinatorial AONT has perfect security provided that all the inputs s-tuples are equiprobable, and has weak security provided that all the inputs s-tuples are with non-zero probability. This paper aims to explore on the gap between perfect security and weak security for combinatorial (t, s, v)-AONTs. Concretely, we consider the typical scenario that all the s inputs take values independently (but not necessarily identically) and quantify the amount of information H(\textbackslashmathcalX\textbackslashmid \textbackslashmathcalY) about any t inputs \textbackslashmathcalX that is not revealed by any s−t outputs \textbackslashmathcalY. In particular, we establish the general lower and upper bounds on H(\textbackslashmathcalX\textbackslashmid \textbackslashmathcalY) for combinatorial AONTs using information-theoretic techniques, and also show that the derived bounds can be attained in certain cases.
Akshara Vemuri, Sai, Krishna Chaitanya, Gogineni.  2022.  Insider Attack Detection and Prevention using Server Authentication using Elgamal Encryption. 2022 International Conference on Inventive Computation Technologies (ICICT). :967—972.
Web services are growing demand with fundamental advancements and have given more space to researchers for improving security of all real world applications. Accessing and get authenticated in many applications on web services, user discloses their password and other privacy data to the server for authentication purposes. These shared information should be maintained by the server with high security, otherwise it can be used for illegal purposes for any authentication breach. Protecting the applications from various attacks is more important. Comparing the security threats, insider attacks are most challenging to identify due to the fact that they use the authentication of legitimate users and their privileges to access the application and may cause serious threat to the application. Insider attacks has been studied in previous researchers with different security measures, however there is no much strong work proposed. Various security protocols were proposed for defending insider attackers. The proposed work focused on insider attack protection through Elgamal cryptography technique. The proposed work is much effective on insider attacks and also defends against various attacks. The proposed protocol is better than existing works. The key computation cost and communication cost is relatively low in this proposed work. The proposed work authenticates the application by parallel process of two way authentication mechanism through Elgamal algorithm.
Dąbrowski, Marcin, Pacyna, Piotr.  2022.  Blockchain-based identity dicovery between heterogenous identity management systems. 2022 6th International Conference on Cryptography, Security and Privacy (CSP). :131—137.
Identity Management Systems (IdMS) have seemingly evolved in recent years, both in terms of modelling approach and in terms of used technology. The early centralized, later federated and user-centric Identity Management (IdM) was finally replaced by Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI). Solutions based on Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) appeared, with prominent examples of uPort, Sovrin or ShoCard. In effect, users got more freedom in creation and management of their identities. IdM systems became more distributed, too. However, in the area of interoperability, dynamic and ad-hoc identity management there has been almost no significant progress. Quest for the best IdM system which will be used by all entities and organizations is deemed to fail. The environment of IdM systems is, and in the near future will still be, heterogenous. Therefore a person will have to manage her or his identities in multiple IdM systems. In this article authors argument that future-proof IdM systems should be able to interoperate with each other dynamically, i.e. be able to discover existence of different identities of a person across multiple IdM systems, dynamically build trust relations and be able to translate identity assertions and claims across various IdM domains. Finally, authors introduce identity relationship model and corresponding identity discovery algorithm, propose IdMS-agnostic identity discovery service design and its implementation with use of Ethereum and Smart Contracts.
Kara, Orhun.  2022.  How to Exploit Biham-Keller ID Characteristic to Minimize Data. 2022 15th International Conference on Information Security and Cryptography (ISCTURKEY). :44—48.
In this work, we examine the following question: How can we improve the best data complexity among the impossible differential (ID) attacks on AES? One of the most efficient attacks on AES are ID attacks. We have seen that the Biham-Keller ID characteristics are frequently used in these ID attacks. We observe the following fact: The probability that a given pair with a wrong key produce an ID characteristic is closely correlated to the data usage negatively. So, we maximize this probability by exploiting a Biham-Keller ID characteristic in a different manner than the other attacks. As a result, we mount an ID attack on 7-round AES-192 and obtain the best data requirement among all the ID attacks on 7-round AES. We make use of only 2$^\textrm58$ chosen plaintexts.
Patgiri, Ripon.  2022.  OSHA: A General-purpose and Next Generation One-way Secure Hash Algorithm. 2022 IEEE/ACIS 22nd International Conference on Computer and Information Science (ICIS). :25—33.
Secure hash functions are widely used in cryptographic algorithms to secure against diverse attacks. A one-way secure hash function is used in the various research fields to secure, for instance, blockchain. Notably, most of the hash functions provide security based on static parameters and publicly known operations. Consequently, it becomes easier to attack by the attackers because all parameters and operations are predefined. The publicly known parameters and predefined operations make the oracle regenerate the key even though it is a one-way secure hash function. Moreover, the sensitive data is mixed with the predefined constant where an oracle may find a way to discover the key. To address the above issues, we propose a novel one-way secure hash algorithm, OSHA for short, to protect sensitive data against attackers. OSHA depends on a pseudo-random number generator to generate a hash value. Particularly, OSHA mixes multiple pseudo-random numbers to produce a secure hash value. Furthermore, OSHA uses dynamic parameters, which is difficult for adversaries to guess. Unlike conventional secure hash algorithms, OSHA does not depend on fixed constants. It replaces the fixed constant with the pseudo-random numbers. Also, the input message is not mixed with the pseudo-random numbers; hence, there is no way to recover and reverse the process for the adversaries.
Skanda, C., Srivatsa, B., Premananda, B.S..  2022.  Secure Hashing using BCrypt for Cryptographic Applications. 2022 IEEE North Karnataka Subsection Flagship International Conference (NKCon). :1—5.
Impactful data breaches that exposed the online accounts and financial information of billions of individuals have increased recently because of the digitization of numerous industries. As a result, the need for comprehensive cybersecurity measures has risen, particularly with regard to the safekeeping of user passwords. Strong password storage security ensures that even if an attacker has access to compromised data, they are unable to utilize the passwords in attack vectors like credential-stuffing assaults. Additionally, it will reduce the risk of threats like fraudulent account charges or account takeovers for users. This study compares the performance of several hashing algorithms, including Bcrypt, SHA-256 and MD5 and how bcrypt algorithm outperforms the other algorithms. Reversal of each of the results will be attempted using Rainbow Tables for better understanding of hash reversals and the comparisons are tabulated. The paper provides a detail implementation of bcrypt algorithm and sheds light on the methodology of BCRYPT hashing algorithm results in robust password security. While SHA-256 hashing algorithms are, easily susceptible to simple attacks such as brute force as it a fast algorithm and making bcrypt more favorable.
Rojali, Rasjid, Zulfany Erlisa, Matthew, Justin Cliff.  2022.  Implementation of Rail Fence Cipher and Myszkowski Algorithms and Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-256) for Security and Detecting Digital Image Originality. 2022 International Conference on Informatics, Multimedia, Cyber and Information System (ICIMCIS). :207—212.
The use of digital images is increasingly widespread currently. There is a need for security in digital photos. Cryptography is a technique that can be applied to secure data. In addition to safety, data integrity also needs to be considered to anticipate the image being manipulated. The hash function is a technique that can be used to determine data authentication. In this study, the Rail Fence Cipher and Myszkowski algorithms were used for the encryption and decryption of digital images, as the Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-256) algorithm. Rail Fence Cipher Algorithm is a transposition algorithm that is quite simple but still vulnerable. It is combined with the Myszkowski Algorithm, which has a high level of complexity with a simple key. Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-256) is a hash function that accepts an input limit of fewer than 2∧64 bits and produces a fixed hash value of 256 bits. The tested images vary based on image resolution and can be encrypted and decrypted well, with an average MSE value of 4171.16 and an average PSNR value of 11.96 dB. The hash value created is also unique. Keywords—Cryptography, Hash Function, Rail Fence Cipher, Myszkowski, SHA-256, Digital image.
Kosieradzki, Shane, Qiu, Yingxin, Kogiso, Kiminao, Ueda, Jun.  2022.  Rewrite Rules for Automated Depth Reduction of Encrypted Control Expressions with Somewhat Homomorphic Encryption. 2022 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM). :804—809.
This paper presents topological sorting methods to minimize the multiplicative depth of encrypted arithmetic expressions. The research aims to increase compatibility between nonlinear dynamic control schemes and homomorphic encryption methods, which are known to be limited by the quantity of multiplicative operations. The proposed method adapts rewrite rules originally developed for encrypted binary circuits to depth manipulation of arithmetic circuits. The paper further introduces methods to normalize circuit paths that have incompatible depth. Finally, the paper provides benchmarks demonstrating the improved depth in encrypted computed torque control of a dynamic manipulator and discusses how achieved improvements translate to increased cybersecurity.
Biswas, Ankur, Karan, Ashish, Nigam, Nidhi, Doreswamy, Hema, Sadykanova, Serikkhan, Rauliyevna, Mangazina Zhanel.  2022.  Implementation of Cyber Security for Enabling Data Protection Analysis and Data Protection using Robot Key Homomorphic Encryption. 2022 Sixth International Conference on I-SMAC (IoT in Social, Mobile, Analytics and Cloud) (I-SMAC). :170—174.
Cloud computing plays major role in the development of accessing clouduser’s document and sensitive information stored. It has variety of content and representation. Cyber security and attacks in the cloud is a challenging aspect. Information security attains a vital part in Cyber Security management. It involves actions intended to reduce the adverse impacts of such incidents. To access the documents stored in cloud safely and securely, access control will be introduced based on cloud users to access the user’s document in the cloud. To achieve this, it is highly required to combine security components (e.g., Access Control, Usage Control) in the security document to get automatic information. This research work has proposed a Role Key Homomorphic Encryption Algorithm (RKHEA) to monitor the cloud users, who access the services continuously. This method provides access creation of session-based key to store the singularized encryption to reduce the key size from random methods to occupy memory space. It has some terms and conditions to be followed by the cloud users and also has encryption method to secure the document content. Hence the documents are encrypted with the RKHEA algorithm based on Service Key Access (SKA). Then, the encrypted key will be created based on access control conditions. The proposed analytics result shows an enhanced control over the documents in cloud and improved security performance.
Temirbekova, Zhanerke, Pyrkova, Anna, Abdiakhmetova, Zukhra, Berdaly, Aidana.  2022.  Library of Fully Homomorphic Encryption on a Microcontroller. 2022 International Conference on Smart Information Systems and Technologies (SIST). :1—5.
Fully homomorphic encryption technologies allow you to operate on encrypted data without disclosing it, therefore they have a lot of potential for solving personal data storage and processing issues. Because of the increased interest in these technologies, various software tools and libraries that allow completely homomorphic encryption have emerged. However, because this subject of cryptography is still in its early stages, standards and recommendations for the usage of completely homomorphic encryption algorithms are still being developed. The paper presents the main areas of application of homomorphic encryption. The analysis of existing developments in the field of homomorphic encryption is carried out. The analysis showed that existing library implementations do not support the division and subtraction operation. The analysis revealed the need to develop a library of fully homomorphic encryption, which allows performing all mathematical operations on them (addition, difference, multiplication and division), as well as the relevance of developing its own implementation of a library of homomorphic encryption on integers. Then, implement the development of a fully homomorphic encryption library in C++ and on an ESP 32 microcontroller. The ability to perform four operations (addition, difference, multiplication and division) on encrypted data will expand the scope of application of homomorphic encryption. A method of homomorphic division and subtraction is proposed that allows performing the division and subtraction operation on homomorphically encrypted data. The level of security, the types of operations executed, the maximum length of operands, and the algorithm's running time are all described as a consequence of numerical experimentation with parameters.
Brian, Gianluca, Faonio, Antonio, Obremski, Maciej, Ribeiro, João, Simkin, Mark, Skórski, Maciej, Venturi, Daniele.  2022.  The Mother of All Leakages: How to Simulate Noisy Leakages via Bounded Leakage (Almost) for Free. IEEE Transactions on Information Theory. 68:8197–8227.
We show that the most common flavors of noisy leakage can be simulated in the information-theoretic setting using a single query of bounded leakage, up to a small statistical simulation error and a slight loss in the leakage parameter. The latter holds true in particular for one of the most used noisy-leakage models, where the noisiness is measured using the conditional average min-entropy (Naor and Segev, CRYPTO’09 and SICOMP’12). Our reductions between noisy and bounded leakage are achieved in two steps. First, we put forward a new leakage model (dubbed the dense leakage model) and prove that dense leakage can be simulated in the information-theoretic setting using a single query of bounded leakage, up to small statistical distance. Second, we show that the most common noisy-leakage models fall within the class of dense leakage, with good parameters. Third, we prove lower bounds on the amount of bounded leakage required for simulation with sub-constant error, showing that our reductions are nearly optimal. In particular, our results imply that useful general simulation of noisy leakage based on statistical distance and mutual information is impossible. We also provide a complete picture of the relationships between different noisy-leakage models. Our result finds applications to leakage-resilient cryptography, where we are often able to lift security in the presence of bounded leakage to security in the presence of noisy leakage, both in the information-theoretic and in the computational setting. Remarkably, this lifting procedure makes only black-box use of the underlying schemes. Additionally, we show how to use lower bounds in communication complexity to prove that bounded-collusion protocols (Kumar, Meka, and Sahai, FOCS’19) for certain functions do not only require long transcripts, but also necessarily need to reveal enough information about the inputs.
Conference Name: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Peleshchak, Roman, Lytvyn, Vasyl, Kholodna, Nataliia, Peleshchak, Ivan, Vysotska, Victoria.  2022.  Two-Stage AES Encryption Method Based on Stochastic Error of a Neural Network. 2022 IEEE 16th International Conference on Advanced Trends in Radioelectronics, Telecommunications and Computer Engineering (TCSET). :381–385.
This paper proposes a new two-stage encryption method to increase the cryptographic strength of the AES algorithm, which is based on stochastic error of a neural network. The composite encryption key in AES neural network cryptosystem are the weight matrices of synaptic connections between neurons and the metadata about the architecture of the neural network. The stochastic nature of the prediction error of the neural network provides an ever-changing pair key-ciphertext. Different topologies of the neural networks and the use of various activation functions increase the number of variations of the AES neural network decryption algorithm. The ciphertext is created by the forward propagation process. The encryption result is reversed back to plaintext by the reverse neural network functional operator.
Qi, Jiaqi, Meng, Hao, Ye, Jun.  2022.  A Research on the Selection of Cooperative Enterprises in School-Enterprise Joint Cryptography Laboratory. 2022 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Everything (AIE). :659—663.
In order to better cultivate engineering and application-oriented cryptographic talents, it is urgent to establish a joint school enterprise cryptographic laboratory. However, there is a core problem in the existing school enterprise joint laboratory construction scheme: the enterprise is not specialized and has insufficient cooperation ability, which can not effectively realize the effective integration of resources and mutual benefit and win-win results. To solve this problem, we propose a comprehensive evaluation model of cooperative enterprises based on entropy weight method and grey correlation analysis. Firstly, the multi-level evaluation index system of the enterprise is established, and the entropy weight method is used to objectively weight the index. After that, the grey weighted correlation degree between each enterprise and the virtual optimal enterprise is calculated by grey correlation analysis to compare the advantages and disadvantages of enterprises. Through the example analysis, it is proved that our method is effective and reliable, eliminating subjective factors, and providing a certain reference value for the construction of school enterprise joint cryptographic laboratory.
He, Yang, Gao, Xianzhou, Liang, Fei, Yang, Ruxia.  2022.  A Classification Method of Power Unstructured Encrypted Data Based on Fuzzy Data Matching. 2022 3rd International Conference on Intelligent Design (ICID). :294—298.
With the development of the digital development transformation of the power grid, the classification of power unstructured encrypted data is an important basis for data security protection. However, most studies focus on exact match classification or single-keyword fuzzy match classification. This paper proposes a fuzzy matching classification method for power unstructured encrypted data. The data owner generates an index vector based on the power unstructured file, and the data user generates a query vector by querying the file through the same process. The index and query vector are uploaded to the cloud server in encrypted form, and the cloud server calculates the relevance score and sorts it, and returns the classification result with the highest score to the user. This method realizes the multi-keyword fuzzy matching classification of unstructured encrypted data of electric power, and through the experimental simulation of a large number of data sets, the effect and feasibility of the method are proved.
Abdaoui, Abderrazak, Erbad, Aiman, Al-Ali, Abdulla Khalid, Mohamed, Amr, Guizani, Mohsen.  2022.  Fuzzy Elliptic Curve Cryptography for Authentication in Internet of Things. IEEE Internet of Things Journal. 9:9987—9998.
The security and privacy of the network in Internet of Things (IoT) systems are becoming more critical as we are more dependent on smart systems. Considering that packets are exchanged between the end user and the sensing devices, it is then important to ensure the security, privacy, and integrity of the transmitted data by designing a secure and a lightweight authentication protocol for IoT systems. In this article, in order to improve the authentication and the encryption in IoT systems, we present a novel method of authentication and encryption based on elliptic curve cryptography (ECC) using random numbers generated by fuzzy logic. We evaluate our novel key generation method by using standard randomness tests, such as: frequency test, frequency test with mono block, run test, discrete Fourier transform (DFT) test, and advanced DFT test. Our results show superior performance compared to existing ECC based on shift registers. In addition, we apply some attack algorithms, such as Pollard’s \textbackslashrho and Baby-step Giant-step, to evaluate the vulnerability of the proposed scheme.
Hasan, Darwito, Haryadi Amran, Sudarsono, Amang.  2022.  Environmental Condition Monitoring and Decision Making System Using Fuzzy Logic Method. 2022 International Electronics Symposium (IES). :267—271.

Currently, air pollution is still a problem that requires special attention, especially in big cities. Air pollution can come from motor vehicle fumes, factory smoke or other particles. To overcome these problems, a system is made that can monitor environmental conditions in order to know the good and bad of air quality in an environment and is expected to be a solution to reduce air pollution that occurs. The system created will utilize the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) combined with Waspmote Smart Environment PRO, so that later data will be obtained in the form of temperature, humidity, CO levels and CO2 levels. From the sensor data that has been processed on Waspmote, it will then be used as input for data processing using a fuzzy algorithm. The classification obtained from sensor data processing using fuzzy to monitor environmental conditions there are 5 classifications, namely Very Good, Good, Average, Bad and Dangerous. Later the data that has been collected will be distributed to Meshlium as a gateway and will be stored in the database. The process of sending information between one party to another needs to pay attention to the confidentiality of data and information. The final result of the implementation of this research is that the system is able to classify values using fuzzy algorithms and is able to secure text data that will be sent to the database via Meshlium, and is able to display data sent to the website in real time.

Ikesaka, Kazuma, Nanjo, Yuki, Kodera, Yuta, Kusaka, Takuya, Nogami, Yasuyuki.  2022.  Improvement of Miller Loop for a Pairing on FK12 Curve and its Implementation. 2022 Tenth International Symposium on Computing and Networking (CANDAR). :104—109.
Pairing is carried out by two steps, Miller loop and final exponentiation. In this manuscript, the authors propose an efficient Miller loop for a pairing on the FK12 curve. A Hamming weight and bit-length of loop parameter have a great effect on the computational cost of Miller loop. Optimal-ate pairing is used as the most efficient pairing on the FK12 curve currently. The loop parameter of optimal-ate pairing is 6z+2 where z is the integer to make the FK12 curve parameter. Our method uses z which has a shorter bit-length than the previous optimal-ate pairing as the loop parameter. Usually, z has a low Hamming weight to make final exponentiation efficient. Therefore, the loop parameter in our method has a lower Hamming weight than the loop parameter of the previous one in many cases. The authors evaluate our method by the number of multiplications and execution time. As a result, the proposed algorithm leads to the 3.71% reduction in the number of multiplications and the 3.38% reduction in the execution time.
Ikesaka, Kazuma, Nanjo, Yuki, Kodera, Yuta, Kusaka, Takuya, Nogami, Yasuyuki.  2022.  Improvement of Final Exponentiation for a Pairing on FK12 Curve and its Implementation. 2022 37th International Technical Conference on Circuits/Systems, Computers and Communications (ITC-CSCC). :205—208.
Pairings on elliptic curves are used for innovative protocols such as ID-based encryption and zk-SNARKs. To make the pairings secure, it is important to consider the STNFS which is the special number field sieve algorithm for discrete logarithms in the finite field. The Fotiadis-Konstantinou curve with embedding degree 12(FK12), is known as one of the STNFS secure curves. To an efficient pairing on the FK12 curve, there are several previous works that focus on final exponentiation. The one is based on lattice-based method to decompose the hard part of final exponentiation and addition chain. However, there is a possibility to construct a more efficient calculation algorithm by using the relations appeared in the decomposition calculation algorithm than that of the previous work. In this manuscript, the authors propose a relation of the decomposition and verify the effectiveness of the proposed method from the execution time.
Bourreau, Hugo, Guichet, Emeric, Barrak, Amine, Simon, Benoît, Jaafar, Fehmi.  2022.  On Securing the Communication in IoT Infrastructure using Elliptic Curve Cryptography. 2022 IEEE 22nd International Conference on Software Quality, Reliability, and Security Companion (QRS-C). :758–759.
Internet of Things (IoT) is widely present nowadays, from businesses to connected houses, and more. IoT is considered a part of the Internet of the future and will comprise billions of intelligent communication. These devices transmit data from sensors to entities like servers to perform suitable responses. The problem of securing these data from cyberattacks increases due to the sensitive information it contains. In addition, studies have shown that most of the time data transiting in IoT devices does not apply encrypted communication. Thus, anyone has the ability to listen to or modify the information. Encrypting communications seems mandatory to secure networks and data transiting from sensors to servers. In this paper, we propose an approach to secure the transmission and the storage of data in IoT using Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC). The proposed method offers a high level of security at a reasonable computational cost. Indeed, we present an adequate architecture that ensures the use of a state-of-the-art cryptography algorithm to encrypt sensitive data in IoT.
ISSN: 2693-9371
Dib, S., Amzert, A. K., Grimes, M., Benchiheb, A., Benmeddour, F..  2022.  Elliptic Curve Cryptography for Medical Image Security. 2022 19th International Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals & Devices (SSD). :1782–1787.
To contribute to medical data security, we propose the application of a modified algorithm on elliptical curves (ECC), initially proposed for text encryption. We implement this algorithm by eliminating the sender-receiver lookup table and grouping the pixel values into pairs to form points on a predefined elliptical curve. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm offers the best compromise between the quality and the speed of cipher / decipher, especially for large images. A comparative study between ECC and AlGamel showed that the proposed algorithm offers better performance and its application, on medical images, is promising. Medical images contain many pieces of information and are often large. If the cryptographic operation is performed on every single pixel it will take more time. So, working on groups of pixels will be strongly recommended to save time and space.
ISSN: 2474-0446
Lisičić, Marko, Mišić, Marko.  2022.  Software Tool for Parallel Generation of Cryptographic Keys Based on Elliptic Curves. 2022 30th Telecommunications Forum (℡FOR). :1–4.

Public key cryptography plays an important role in secure communications over insecure channels. Elliptic curve cryptography, as a variant of public key cryptography, has been extensively used in the last decades for such purposes. In this paper, we present a software tool for parallel generation of cryptographic keys based on elliptic curves. Binary method for point multiplication and C++ threads were used in parallel implementation, while secp256k1 elliptic curve was used for testing. Obtained results show speedup of 30% over the sequential solution for 8 threads. The results are briefly discussed in the paper.

Priya, M Janani, Yamuna, G.  2022.  Privacy preserving Data security model for Cloud Computing Technology. 2022 International Conference on Smart Technologies and Systems for Next Generation Computing (ICSTSN). :1–5.
New advancements in cloud computing technology enable the usage of cloud platforms for business purposes rapidly increasing every day. Data accumulation related to business transactions, Communications, business model architecture and much other information are stored in the cloud platform and access Dubai the business Associates commonly. Considering the security point of view data stored in the cloud need to be highly secured and accessed through authentication. The proposed system is focused on evaluating a cloud integrity auditing model in which the security and privacy preserving system is being audited, privacy is decided using a machine learning algorithm. The proposed model is developed using a hybrid CatBoost algorithm (HCBA) in which the input data is stored into the cloud platform using Bring your own encryption Key (BYOEK). The security of BYOEK model is evaluated and validated with respect to the given test model in terms of Execution time comparison Vs. Data transactions.
Jeyakumar, D, Chidambarathanu, K., Pradeepkumar, S., Anish, T.P..  2022.  OUTFS+. An Efficient User-Side Encrypted File System Using IBE With Parallel Encryption. 2022 6th International Conference on Trends in Electronics and Informatics (ICOEI). :760–766.
Cloud computing is a fast growing field that provides the user with resources like software, infrastructure and virtual hardware processing power. The steady rise of cloud computing in recent times allowed large companies and even individual users to move towards working with cloud storage systems. However, the risks of leakage of uploaded data in the cloud storage and the questions about the privacy of such systems are becoming a huge problem. Security incidents occur frequently everywhere around the world. Sometimes, data leak may occur at the server side by hackers for their own profit. Data being shared must be encrypted before outsourcing it to the cloud storage. Existing encryption/decryption systems utilize large computational power and have troubles managing the files. This paper introduces a file system that is a more efficient, virtual, with encryption/decryption scheme using parallel encryption. To make encryption and decryption of files easier, Parallel encryption is used in place of serial encryption which is integrated with Identity-Based Encryption in the file system. The proposed file system aims to secure files, reduce the chances of file stored in cloud storage getting leaked thus providing better security. The proposed file system, OutFS+, is more robust and secure than its predecessor, OutFS. Cloud outsourcing takes place faster and the files can be downloaded to the OutFS+ instance on the other side. Moreover, OutFS+ is secure since it is a virtual layer on the operating system and can be unmounted whenever the user wants to.
Senthilnayaki, B., Venkatalakshami, K., Dharanyadevi, P., G, Nivetha, Devi, A..  2022.  An Efficient Medical Image Encryption Using Magic Square and PSO. 2022 International Conference on Smart Technologies and Systems for Next Generation Computing (ICSTSN). :1–5.
Encryption is essential for protecting sensitive data, especially images, against unauthorized access and exploitation. The goal of this work is to develop a more secure image encryption technique for image-based communication. The approach uses particle swarm optimization, chaotic map and magic square to offer an ideal encryption effect. This work introduces a novel encryption algorithm based on magic square. The image is first broken down into single-byte blocks, which are then replaced with the value of the magic square. The encrypted images are then utilized as particles and a starting assembly for the PSO optimization process. The correlation coefficient applied to neighboring pixels is used to define the ideal encrypted image as a fitness function. The results of the experiments reveal that the proposed approach can effectively encrypt images with various secret keys and has a decent encryption effect. As a result of the proposed work improves the public key method's security while simultaneously increasing memory economy.