Visible to the public Closed-Loop Formal Verification of ICDs using Cardiac Electrophysiological Models


Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators (ICDs) are at the forefront of preventing sudden death in patients suffering from ventricular arrhythmias. ICDs have evolved into complex Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) which tightly sensing, hardware, and software to diagnose arrhythmias based on electrogram signals and control cardiac excitation. These devices are life-critical, yet the Verification and Validation (V&V) techniques used for establishing their safety have remained informal, and rely largely on extensive unit testing.