CPS PI Poster Session

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Visible to the public Non-Volatile Computing for Embedded Cyber-Physical Systems

Abstract:

Today's computer systems are mostly built with volatile memory components such as flip- flops, SRAM, and SDRAM, except for secondary non-volatile storage. As a result, traditional computer systems quickly lose information stored in memory if the power supply is interrupted even for a short period of time. Unfortunately, such volatile devices present significant limitations for computations on embedded cyber-physical systems that have to rely on unreliable power sources.

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Visible to the public A CPS Approach to Robot Design

Abstract:

Analytically predicting the behavior of physical systems is generally not possible. For example, the three dimensional nature of physical systems makes it provably impossible to express closed--form analytical solutions even simple systems. This limitation makes experimentation the primary modality for designing new cyber--physical systems.

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Visible to the public Establishing Integrity in Dynamic Networks of Cyber Physical Devices

Abstract:

The objective of this research is to develop energy-efficient integrity estab- lishment techniques for dynamic networks of cyber physical devices. In such dynamic networks, devices connect opportunistically and perform general-purpose computations on behalf of other devices. However, some devices may be malicious in intent and affect the integrity of computation. The approach is to develop new trust establishment mechanisms for dynamic networks.

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Visible to the public Architectural and Algorithmic Solutions for Large-Scale PEV Integration into Power Grids

Abstract:

Electrification of the transportation market offers revenue growth for utility companies and automobile manufacturers, lower operational costs for consumers, and benefits to the environment. However, even moderate penetration of PEVs will stress the power grid. This project formulates and solves optimization problems critical to various entities in the PEV ecosystem -- PEV owners, commercial charging station owners, aggregators, and distribution companies -- at the distribution / retail level.

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Visible to the public Context-dependent control of smart artificial hands through enhanced touch perception and mechatronic reflexes

Abstract:

One grand challenge facing the nascent field of cyber-physical systems is the human-machine interface. Complex systems such as teleoperated space robots, telesurgery robots, and wheel-chair mounted assistive robots involve various levels of human intervention and proximity of the human operator to the artificial system.

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Visible to the public Sequential Supervised Learning

Abstract:

We propose concepts for intelligent, adaptive cyber-physical systems that adaptively control information acquisition through the choice of sensor configurations to interact with the physical environment. Our focus is on a novel aspect of cyber-physical systems, intelligent sensing, to control information acquisition under sensing budget constraints in support of critical decision tasks.

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Visible to the public Autonomous Driving in Mixed-Traffic Urban Environments

Abstract:

This study attempts to address a range of problems associated with autonomous navigation in real-life urban traffic, most recently including controller design and safety, secure communication, mapping, pedestrian behavior, testing and intersection access.

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Visible to the public CEEMS – Cyber Enabled Energy Management of Structures

Abstract:

This project focuses on modern buildings as a natural expression of a cyber--physical system, with many features that are typical to such systems. Modern buildings exhibit a tight integration of sensing, computation, and actuation within multiple physical domains. For example, larger buildings usually contain a sensor network, with a variety of sensors that measure power flow, temperature, relative humidity, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.

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Visible to the public A Ball Goes to School - Our Experiences from a Cyber Physical Systems Design Experiment

Abstract:

Teaching the methodologies of Cyber Physical System (CPS) design requires good examples that are easy to understand and tools that are commonly used in practice. This paper presents our experiences during the practical execution of model-driven design processes applying a range of state-of-the-art design tools for a novel and simple example from the CPS domain. The Falling Ball example has several properties that support teaching basic design principles of CPSs.

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Visible to the public Converting Multi-Axis Machine Tools into Subtractive3D Printers by using Intelligent Discrete Geometry Data Structures

Abstract:

Cyber Physical Systems have revolutionized manufacturing to the point that next generation component manufacturing is now referred to as "digital manufacturing." Parts are made based on digital models that are represented by discrete points or meshes in standard file formats such as STL. The difficulty with these representations is that they can become extremely large when high resolution is desired.