National CPS PI Meeting 2015

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Visible to the public Digital Control of Hybrid Systems via Simulation and Bisimulation

Abstract:

The research objective of this project is to bridge two disparate paths to the control of hybrid dynamical systems--namely, symbolic model-based and Lyapunov analysis-based approaches--via convex programming in order to address major challenges in hybrid control. The primary goal is to establish nonconservative, robust, and scalable control theories and algorithms for verifying/achieving desired stability and performance bounds for hybrid affine systems.

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Visible to the public CPS: Breakthrough: Collaborative: Securing Smart Grid by Understanding Communications Infrastructure Dependencies

Overview: The existence of complex interactions and interdependencies in cyber-physical critical infrastructures is well known, but a poorly understood phenomena. As an example, a smart grid (SG) is dependent on the cyber infrastructure for advanced metering, data collection/analytics and control, and this dependency brings in serious security and vulnerability implications.

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Visible to the public Enhanced Structural Health Monitoring of Civil Infrastructure by Observing and Controlling Loads using Cyber-Physical Systems

Abstract:

The goal of this research project is to create a scalable and robust cyber-physical system (CPS) framework for the observation and control of the functional interdependencies between bridge structures (stationary physical systems) and trucks (mobile physical agents). Figure 1 shows the architecture of the proposed CPS framework for the observation and control of truck loads imposed on highway bridges. While many accomplishments have been achieved during the first year of the project, this poster pres

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Visible to the public Smart Flexible Camera Sheet: Ultra-thin Semantic-guided Cooperative Micro-camera Array

Abstract:

This highly interdisciplinary research addresses two fundamental challenges in image sensing and image understanding: 1) versatile camera systems in a small form factor, and 2) 3-dimensional scene and object recognition from 2-dimensional photos. These fundamental challenges are tackled together by developing a cyber-physical imaging system, called a smart flexible camera sheet, which integrates an array of many micro-cameras (each millimeters in size) onto a thin substrate.

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Visible to the public WARP: Wide Area Resilient Protection

Abstract:

Protective relays play a crucial role in steering the dynamics of the electric grid during stressed system conditions. However, as some blackout logs have shown, relay mis-operations during stressed conditions can trigger a cascade eventually leading to a blackout. Currently, there is no way to correct such mis-operations, should they occur. We propose the use of wide-area information to supervise relay operation, especially those attached to generator units and critical transmission lines.

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Visible to the public CPS: Breakthrough: Towards a Science of Attack Composition, Mitigation and Verification in CPS: A Passivity Based Approach

Abstract:

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) have become increasingly prevalent in applications including health care, energy, and transportation. The tight coupling between cyber and physical components of CPS implies that cyber attacks can degrade the safety, availability, and performance of physical components. The cyber components also introduce multiple entry points to the CPS, lowering the cost of attacks compared to purely physical systems.

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Visible to the public CPS: Synergy: Cyber Physical Regional Freight Transportation System

Abstract:

The purpose of this research is to develop optimization and control techniques and integrate them with real-time simulation models to achieve load balancing in complex networks. Our application case is the regional freight system. Freight moves on rail and road networks which are also shared by passengers. These networks today work independently, even though they are highly interdependent, and the result is inefficiencies in the form of congestion, pollution, and excess fuel consumption. These inefficiencies are obse