Visible to the public CPS: Breakthrough: Collaborative Research: WARP: Wide Area assisted Resilient Protection

The overarching goal is to employ a Wide-Area measurement-aided supervisory layer for correcting maloperation in relays, which can prevent system-wide blackouts. PSU's task in this project is to ensure distinction between disturbance outlier and anomalous outlier in such Wide-Area measurements. This poster presents a Principal Component Analysis (PCA)-based method for online characterization of outliers in Wide-Area synchrophasor measurements. To that end, a linearized framework is established to analyze dynamical response from a system under nominal and off-nominal (e.g. faulted) conditions, which are contained in the same window of synchrophasor data. Inspired by the singular value perturbation theory, a bound on the change in the norm of the Principal Component (PC) scores as a function of system state matrices is presented. It is shown that in presence of bad data outliers these bounds for higher dimensional PC scores will be significantly larger compared to lower-dimensions. The effect of the number of samples in the data window on the results of the analysis is established. Case studies on a simulated test system and on field data collected from a US utility are presented to support the analytical results. Finally, an online classifier for characterization of outliers is developed to illustrate the usefulness of the proposed framework for machine learning-based methods.

Creative Commons 2.5

Other available formats:

CPS: Breakthrough: Collaborative Research: WARP: Wide Area assisted Resilient Protection
Switch to experimental viewer